译之灵翻译培训:2016年11月份CATTI二级口译真题

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Part 1 English to Chinese Interpreting
  Passage 1
  The torrent of innovation and entrepreneurship sweeping China has become a new engine fueling China's economic growth, and in this process capital has played an indispensable role. Some people ask me about which areas will create new leaders, and therefore, should investors pay the most attention to attact more investors?What kinds of business start-ups am I most interested in? There are indeed industrial leaders in almost every visible segment. But when it comes to the new economy, newcomers always stand a chance of defeating those first arrivals. From my point of view, opportunities exist in the following three areas.
  First, there are plenty of opportunities in a niche market. For instance, JD.com is a leading general e-commerce website, and there are many other e-commerce platforms focused on selling one particular type of product such as cosmetics or baby products. Second, opportunities exist along the industrial chain of e-commerce. Taking Amazon for example, it's a business-to-customer (B2C) website where third-party sellers are invited to open stores. They can take part in logistics. Customs, storage, logistics and other industrial chain of commerce.
  Third, with the advent of the mobile Internet era, new location-based and social-based opportunities will pop up. For example, taxi-hailing apps Uber, Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache are areas that Internet giants once overlooked or failed to cover. Investment opportunities on TMT (telecommunication, media and technology) area will exist in at least the above-mentioned three areas. New areas such as big data and cloud computing will churn out plenty of opportunities as well. These are all investment directions for us, with unlimited room for development.
  Personally, I favor three types of business start-ups—those with a hi-tech barrier, those with an innovative business model and those with established skills in a certain segment. The first and third types are easy to understand, but the second one could be a little tricky. Basically, a company has to create a completely new model to enter a potentially huge market. I would be really interested in this kind of business start-ups.
  People asked me when a revenue model is absent at the early stage, how can you tell whether a company is worth investing in? A sound and good revenue model is an essential issue in the investment world, however, we have found a paradox in both Chinese and U.S. markets. Many Internet giants either didn't have one clear revenue model at the early stage, or they had one but changed to a different model as it grew. We should never rule out a project arbitrarily when its revenue model is absent or unclear.
  This is a must-have quality in the investment world. As a matter of fact, the team matters a lot at the early stage. I believe an excellent team has a strong ability to cash in what it has to offer. Whether we should invest in a company when it doesn't have a clear revenue model is the difficult part for a venture capitalist, but is also the most attractive part in this job. That's what sorts outstanding professional venture capitalists from lame ones.
  Some people think there are bubbles in the technology industry in China, and that the bubbles may soon burst. Personally, I think technological innovation will continue and bubbles in this area are quite obvious. It's obvious in that the valuation of some tech firms is way too high. Meanwhile, whenever a new concept appears within a sector, it will become very crowded, intensifying competition or even resulting in cutthroat competition.
Finally, both investors and entrepreneurs have as a result become more anxious, especially during 2014. The market, according to my observation, has restored some of its rationality since 2015. Overheating does exist in the venture capital market. It's mostly because there's too much hot money available in the market, but not so many investment channels.
 
  Passage 2
  We have come together to lend our voices to the growing global effort to combat the illegal wildlife trade - a trade that has reached such unprecedented levels of killing and related violence that it now poses a grave threat not only to the survival of some of the world's most treasured species, but also to economic and political stability in many areas around the world.
  Organized bands of criminals are stealing and slaughtering elephants, rhinos and tigers, as well as large numbers of other species, in a way that has never been seen before, pushing many species to the brink of extinction. They are taking these animals using the sophisticated weapons of war - assault rifles, silencers, night vision equipment and helicopters. Unarmed park rangers are no match for these organized gangs and high-powered equipment. Tragically, many brave rangers have lost their lives while trying to save those of the animals.
  It is shocking that future generations may know a world without these magnificent animals and the habitat upon which they depend. This year, I have become even more devoted to protecting the resources of the Earth for not only my own son but also the other children of his generation to enjoy. I want them to be able to experience the same Africa that I did as a child. It is, of course, even more important for each child growing up in countries where these animals live. It is nothing less than immoral that they are losing their birthright to fuel the greed of international criminals.
  Our profound belief is that humanity is less than humanity without the rest of creation: the destruction of these endangered species will diminish us all. Allow me just to give you some sense of the scale of the problem with a few staggering numbers: More than 30,000 elephants were killed last year-amounting to nearly 100 deaths per day. In the past ten years, sixty-two per cent of African forest elephants have been lost. If this rate continues, the forest elephant will be extinct within ten years. As recently as 100 years ago, there were as many as 100,000 wild tigers living in Asia. Today, there are believed to be fewer than 3,200 left in the wild.
  Despite the terrible crisis that we now face, we both continue to be optimistic that the tide can be reversed. We have been so impressed by the brilliant work already being done on the ground to improve enforcement and in consumer countries to stop the demand for wildlife products. We are also extremely encouraged that this issue is now starting to receive the attention it deserves at the highest levels of governments. It is heartening that many African leaders are proactively developing plans of action and seeking solutions.
We are hopeful that this meeting will lead to tangible results on the ground, where they are so sorely needed. But even more needs to be done. Neither governments, international organizations, nor private companies, can tackle this enormous task alone. It will take action from all of us to beat back this highly organized criminal activity. In the face of such a threat, it is natural to feel powerless, but I have seen the extraordinary impact of advances in protection on the ground, and the power of social media in reducing demand for these products. Each one of us can help by raising our voices to support them. We have to be the generation that stopped the illegal wildlife trade, and secured the future of these magnificent animals, and their habitats, for if we fail, it will be too late.
 
  Part 2 Chinese to English Interpreting
  Passage 1
  现在中国经济增长放缓,因此2015年,中国政府推行了供给侧改革,国际社会对此十分关注,但是也产生了很多的误解,人们会有疑问,为什么中国政府会推行这样的改革。
  在这里我想强调,中国政府推行的供给侧改革和上个世纪80年代,美国和英国的供给侧经济学是完全不一样的,美国的改革实大范围的减少税款,英国的改革是对国有企业进行私有化,中国的改革,所要解决的问题和要采取的措施都和这些国家完全不一样。
  现在,中国经济增长面临的一大问题是产能过剩,2015年,钢铁产量超过8亿吨,煤产量超过40亿吨,远远超过市场需求,带来了成本上的损失。这占用了大量的能源和资源,从而削减了总体效益。 另一大问题是供给不足,中国消费者对产品质量要求越来越高,而中国不能提供高端和高质量产品,因此人们就选择到海外购物,例如,电饭锅,甚至是马桶盖。2015年中国消费者在海外花费了2300亿美金。
因此中国推进供给侧改革就是要解决过剩产能,增加有效供给。未来5年,预计将钢铁下降1.5亿吨,煤量产下降5亿吨。并提供符合中国消费者需要的高质量产品。同时,要采取措施鼓励创新,多生产高质量高端产品,增加在教育,医疗,养老和旅游方面的有效供给,并在领域投资超过500亿美元。同时,增加在教育,医疗,养老和旅游方面的有效供给,我相信,有了这些措施,中国的经济就可以更加长期稳定的发展。
 
  Passage 2
  经济和社会发展还有自然保护是可持续发展的关键。人和自然构成了世界,人是自然孕育的精华,自然为人提供了生存环境,自然和人类是可以和谐共处的。如果人类不珍惜自然或者改造自然,自然就会以报复的方式惩罚人类。自从大规模的工业话以来,我们以前所未有的速度创造了大量的物质财富,同时,自然资源和生态环境也以遭到破坏。历史和现实告诉我们,我们必须自觉和自然友好相处。人的发展必须和生态环境的发展取得平衡。
  面对遭到破坏的自然环境,亡羊补牢未为晚也,面对不断恶化的环境,我们要采取及时的补救措施。瑞士的日内瓦河通过优化治理和严格保护,成为阿尔卑斯山的一个自然明珠。这个世纪,我们采取了退耕还林的策略。使得2500万的荒山荒地变成绿地。这给我们带来一个启示。那就是要把修复环境作为今后工作的重心抓起来。
  资源开发主要是因为大规模的工业发展。过度和低效的利用资源是环境恶化的根本原因。根据世界粮农组织最新数据,粮食在生产流通消费的过程中,13亿吨的粮食白白遭到浪费。低效无效用水量是伏尔加河的三倍之多。所以我们要进行全面改革,要通过制度改革和技术创新进行全面控制。营造一种节约型消费是每个国家面临的紧迫任务
  均衡地推进经济发展、社会进步和环境保护是可持续发展的关键之在。我们要在发展的过程中保护环境,也要在保护环境的过程中促进发展。我们要把良好的环境作为公共产品向公众提供。实践证明:经济发展和生态环境保护之间的矛盾不是不可调和的。所以要坚持科学发展、绿色发展的理念,我们要尊重环境、顺应环境、保护环境,我们要走一条生产发展,人民富裕、生态良好的文明发展之路。